Recently in Bulgaria Category

Kozloduy NPP 1-4As Russia and Ukraine continue their bitter natural gas dispute, several countries now report a complete shutoff of their gas supplies from Moscow. The countries are:

  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Greece
  • Macedonia
  • Romania
  • Turkey
Partial supply decreases have also been reported by Austria (90%), Slovakia (70%), the Czech Republic (75%) and Hungary.

Bulgaria has sufficient reserves for several days, but President Georgi Parvanov said his country should begin immediate preparations to re-start Unit 3 at the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant. It would take approximately one month to re-open the reactor.

Kozloduy-3 was shutdown in December 2006 as part of an agreement with the European Union (EU), which was concerned about inadequate safety levels. However, Bulgaria’s EU accession treaty apparently allows closed reactors to be temporarily re-started in the event of an acute energy shortage.

Varna and Dobrich in eastern Bulgaria have been left without natural gas supplies. In Varna, on the Black Sea coast, 12,000 households were left without central heating amid freezing temperatures.

Russia’s Gazprom is certain it can provide enough gas to Europe, but is attempting to find routes other than through Ukraine, which has been accused of siphoning gas from the pipelines. The Ukrainian government denies the allegations. Russia supplies Europe with approximately 25% of its natural gas, 80% of which is shipped through Ukraine.

Photo: Kozloduy NPP Units 1-4